The Czechoslovakian Vlcak, also known as the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog, is a breed that was created in the 1950s by two men named Karel Hartl and Major Frantisek Rosik. The breed is the result of a biological experiment in which a German Shepherd was crossed with a Carpathian Wolf. Today the Czechoslovakian Vlcak is one of the national breeds of Slovakia. The experiment in developing this breed ended in 1965 and by then the breed was more developed and a breeding plan in order to continue to create these dogs was established. The goal in creating this breed was to combine the most useful qualities of the wolf with the best qualities of the dog. Although the Czechoslovakian Vlcak is not a breed that is officially recognized by the AKC, they are currently being recorded in the Foundation Stock Service. The purpose of this service is to keep track of records and breeder information for rare breeds.
The Czechoslovakian Vlcak is a relatively new breed. Their most distinct characteristic is their strong resemblance to a wolf. They are medium sized and powerful dogs that stand at about 24 to 26 inches tall at the withers. They usually weigh between 44 and 54 pounds, but they can be larger. The large head is slightly tapered with a long muzzle that has a moderate stop. The nose is black and the eyes are medium sized and almond shaped in appearance. They are very wolf-like and are usually a light amber in color. The triangular ears are large and upright, set high on the head. The coat on this breed is straight and fits close to the dog’s body. They have a heavy undercoat during the winter months, but the coat is relatively thick year round. The coat is usually yellow-grey to silver-grey, looking very much like the wolves they were bred from. They usually have a light colored mask. Although these dogs rarely need to be bathed since their coat repels dirt, they do shed heavily about twice a year and will need extra brushing during that time. These dogs are usually clean and can even be dry shampooed occasionally.
The Czechoslovakian Vlcak is known to be a lively and very active dog. They are very brave, but can be somewhat suspicious of strangers. They are very loyal to their masters and can be trained quite easily as long as they have motivation to learn. They are independent and can work alone or in packs. This is primarily a working dog and is not usually kept as a companion. This is not a breed for the first time dog owner. They need someone that understands how to properly communicate and train a dog and can also act as a strong pack leader. Being an effective pack leader means commanding the dog in a firm and consistent manner and being naturally authoritative. An owner that is meek will have a lot of trouble controlling this dog. The Czechoslovakian Vlcak should also be well socialized while they are still puppies. This is a process that should include taking them out to expose them to new people, places, and situations. This will help them to not be as suspicious or threatened feeling when they are exposed to anything new. These dogs get along well with their families, including the children as long as they are well trained and socialized. They generally should not be trusted with other pets since they do have a tendency to be aggressive with other animals and can even be dangerous.
The Czechoslovakian Vlcak can actually live happily in an apartment as long as they are getting all the exercise they need outside the home. They are active indoors and out and they generally prefer at large yard. These dogs are also well suited for cold climates. This breed needs a lot of exercise daily and need to be taken out for a long walk or run every day. They also need to be taught how to properly heel.
Czechoslovakian Vlcaks are a relatively healthy and hardy breed. They do sometimes suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia which can affect their mobility as they age. There have also been some rare cases of seizures, eye problems, and cardiac issues in this breed. A healthy Czechoslovakian Vlcak will live about 12 to 16 years.
Overall the Czechoslovakian Vlcak is a very unique breed that is not for everyone. They are a wolf-hybrid breed that require plenty of training and socialization which means they need an owner that has a lot of experience with obedience training.