The Mudi is a Hungarian breed with a history dating back to a period between the 15th and 18th centuries. The exact history is unclear. This is not a breed that was intentionally created, but was born out of necessity. Humans had little to do with the initial creation of this breed, which is why it is unknown exactly how long they have been in existence. The officially name for this herding breed is Canis ovilis Fényesi. They are named for the man who discovered the breed, Dr. Dezsõ Fényes. He discovered these dogs in 1936 and at the time they were known as “Driver Dogs.” There were older older records of this dog in which they were referred to as Pulis. Today the two dogs are separate breeds and it is believed that the Puli is one of the oldest herding breeds with the Pumi and the Mudi being descended from it. These dogs are so similar that Mudis are sometimes born in Pumi and Puli litters, but Mudi litters will not produce the other two dogs. Although the Mudi has never been a popular breed, they are capable of performing a number of tasks. These include cow and sheep herding, guarding, and sometimes hunting and vermin killing. In Finland these dogs are sometimes used as a mountain rescue breed. Like many European breeds, the population of these dogs suffered greatly during World War II. Breeders have been working to restore them, but they are still quite rare. The Mudi is not yet officially recognized by the AKC, but they are being recorded in the Foundation Stock Service. The purpose of this service is to keep track of records and breeders of rare dogs.
The Mudi is a medium sized and athletic breed. They stand at about 14 to 20 inches high at the withers, and they should weigh between 18 and 29 pounds. These dogs have a wedge shaped head with a long pointed muzzle that has a well defined stop. The nose is black and the eyes are oval shaped and dark brown. Mudis have a long thin tail, but they may occasionally be born without a tail. The medium length coat is wavy or curly, but is shorter on the face and legs. These dogs may come in many different colors, but the most common include black, white, grey, brown, red, pale, yellow, and fallow. These dogs are average shedders that are easy to groom. They need occasional brushing to remove dead hair.
Although the Mudi is mostly known as a versatile working dog, they can make a good companion dog with the right owner. They are great guard dogs, but they are also gentle and affectionate with their family. They are known to bond particularly close with their owner. These dogs are wary of strangers and should be well socialized so that their protective tendencies don’t turn to aggression. Socializing is a process that should include taking the dog out to expose him to new people, places, and situations. This helps them to be a more well rounded and stable adult dog. These dogs will live happily with other household pets as well as other dogs as long as they are introduced to them from a young age. The owner of this dog should also make sure that they are a strong pack leader that can properly obedience train this dog. Being a strong pack leader means being naturally authoritative and training the dog in a firm and consistent manner. These dogs are intelligent and can learn quickly with the proper techniques. These dogs sometimes have a tendency to be loud and bark to much, but if they are properly trained they will stop when commanded.
Mudis are an active breed, but they can live happily in an apartment as long as they are getting plenty of exercise outside the house. They prefer to have a yard where they can run and play freely since they are active both indoors and out. These dogs can even live outdoors. These dogs will need a long walk or run every day in order to keep them happy and healthy. Mudis will especially enjoy the opportunity to run and play in an open area, but make sure that it is safely enclosed so that they do not take off after any interesting scent. They will also enjoy games and sports such as fetch or frisbee.
The Mudi is a generally healthy breed, but they are known to sometime develop hip dysplasia, a common occurrence in many breeds that can affect their mobility. Many breeders test for this condition before breeding their dogs since it is hereditary. A healthy Mudi will live about 13 or 14 years.
Overall the Mudi is a very rare breed that is also a hard worker. They are able to make a good companion dog, but are best suited to a very active owner that will make sure the dog is getting all the exercise it needs. These dogs are intelligent and friendly. They are also healthy and easy to groom.