The Slovensky Cuvac is a large mountain breed that has been documented as far back as the 17th century. These dogs were mostly used as livestock guardians and they are closely related to the Hungarian Kuvasz. These dogs are known to be very brave and they were even known to fight off wolves and bears. Eventually, with the population of wolves dwindling in the European mountains and the addition of modern herding practices, the Slovensky Cuvac fell out of use and the population dwindled so much the breed almost completely disappeared. They few that were left during the 1950s were carelessly bred, and the breed was almost completely ruined. Finally in 1964 a standard for the breed was established and breeders started to bring the Slovensky Cuvac back by increasing both the numbers and quality of dogs. The AKC does not yet officially recognize the Slovensky Cuvac, but they are listed in the Foundation Stock Service, which is the preliminary step to be an official AKC breed. The purpose of this service is to keep track of records and information for breeds that are rare or still being developed.
The Slovensky Cuvac is a large and powerful breed. They are slightly longer than they are tall and stand at about 22 to 27.5 inches tall at the withers and they should weigh between 66 and 99 pounds. They have a large neck and head with a long, powerful muzzle that has a well defined stop. The nose is black and the eyes are oval shaped and dark brown. The high set ears are triangular with rounded points. They fold forward and rest against the side of the dog’s head. The thick tail is long and hangs down, covered in thick fur. Slovensky Cuvacs have been bred to always be white in order to help them stand out while working. The coat on this breed consists of a dense undercoat and a thick topcoat. These dogs will need regular brushing to remove loose hair, but they are heavy seasonal shedders and will need lots of extra brushing during this time. These dogs also need to be bathed regularly.
Slovensky Cuvacs are known to be brave guardians of their flocks and families, but they are also quite calm. They are reserved with strangers, but very affectionate with those familiar to them. These protective dogs are very good with children and will watch over them. These dogs are known to be somewhat independent and even stubborn. They need an owner that is a strong enough pack leader to handle them and they are not for everyone. An owner that is a strong pack leader will be naturally authoritative and be able to effectively obedience train this dog. Obedience training should begin while the dog is still a puppy and training should be firm and consistent. These dogs are highly trainable with the correct techniques. It is also a good idea to socialize the Slovensky Cuvac thoroughly while they are still puppies. This is a process that should involve taking them out to expose them to new people, places, and situations. Doing this will help to ensure that their protective nature does not turn into aggression.
As a large working breed, the Slovensky Cuvac is not recommended for life in an apartment or other small home. They are active indoors and out and will need at least a large yard. Many of them enjoy living on farms or ranches. They need a lot of daily exercise and will enjoy working or playing with children. A long walk or jog is recommended daily. A failure to get these dogs all the exercise they need will result in a dog that is bored and destructive.
Health information for the Slovensky Cuvac has not been well documented. There are no known genetic issues, but it is important to check with the breeder before adopting a puppy. This breed will live about 11 to 13 years.
Overall the Slovensky Cuvac is a strong working breed that is well suited to life on a farm, but they may also make wonderful family companions as long as they are well trained. They are very protective of their home and family, particularly the children. This is not a breed for the first time owner. They require a strong pack leader that will be able to firmly and consistently train them.